SOME CONTRASTS BETWEEN SCIENCE AND RELIGION

  Science Religion
1is based on objective factual evidence which is subject to verification is based on subjective ‘divine’ revelation which cannot be verified
2 is dependent on factis dependent on fantasy
3 considers all phenomena as naturalconsiders all phenomena as supernatural e.g. a rainbow, harvest etc is a sign from or work of, a god or demon
4assumes that the laws of nature are universally constantdeclares that the laws of nature change as the deity sees fit
5 affirms the equality of all humansasserts the divine ordaining of rulers and ruled, super and subject races, master and slave
6the pronouncements of science are in terms of probabilitiesthe pronouncements of religion are in terms of absolute certainties
7sees ill-health conceived in terms of infection and organ malfunctionsees ill-health conceived in terms of sin, demons and punishment
8 treats ill-health with blood transfusions, anti-biotics and antiseptic conditionstreats ill-health with prayers, incantations, laying on of hands, spittle and oil
9declares that ethical standards are relative and determined by the peopledeclares that ethical standards are absolute and are given by a deity
10sees world peace in terms of mutual agreements and the elimination of injustice and ignorancesees world peace in terms of a super-natural intervention and imposition of a universal religion

 

SOME CONTRASTS BETWEEN ATHEISM AND RELIGION

  AtheismReligion
1sees love as spontaneous emotionsees love as a response to a divine command
2sees authorities as appointed by the peoplesees authorities as divinely appointed
3sees all moral laws as man-madesees all moral laws as divinely decreed
4sees marriage as a human agreementsees marriage as a religious sacrament
5considers that gods, ghosts, demons, etc exist only in humans’ imaginationinsists that gods, ghosts, demons, etc exist in reality
6sees death as a part of the cycle of birth, growth, reproduction, and declinesees death as the result of Adam’s mis-demeanour (organisms were dying millions of years before humans appeared)
7seeks to provide a better life for the living nowpromises a way for bliss after death
8declares the Inquisition, the rack, the stake and the faggot the result of religious ignorancedeclares the Inquisition, the rack, the stake and the faggot the work of an infallible, inspired body doing the revealed will of a deity
9sees humans as basically amoralsees humans as basically immoral
10sees the physical resurrection of dead and decaying bodies as impossiblesees the physical resurrection of dead and decaying bodies to be a fundamental doctrine

 

By Keith S Cornish

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